Gums can make or break a smile, so don’t let your smile’s potential be spoiled by red, sore, puffy or bleeding gums.
Periodontal disease – commonly known as gum disease – is a common health problem believed to affect up to half of the adult population. The condition destroys healthy gum tissue attached to the roots of teeth, causing:
- Gum infection
- Redness, tenderness and swelling
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Open spaces between the teeth – ‘Black triangles’ or ‘holes’ between the teeth
- Teeth bone loss around the roots
- Halitosis (bad breath)
- Tooth loosening and drifting
- Tooth loss
Research has also found a strong connection between gum disease and serious health risks such as heart disease, lung disease and diabetes. The World Health Organisation (WHO) says that periodontal disease is a widespread health problem estimated to affect up to half of the adult population. The disease destroys the healthy gum attachment to the roots of the teeth, leading to gum infection, gum recession, bone loss around the teeth and halitosis (bad breath). If untreated it will lead to tooth loosening, drifting and tooth loss.
Treatment for Bleeding Gums
There is no doubt that the best solution for bleeding gums is prevention, not cure. The progression of milder cases of gum disease can often be halted via careful home care and regular professional cleaning, but it’s difficult to cure more advanced forms. It is therefore essential to seek help promptly if you notice that your gums are bleeding, or any of the other symptoms like thick or swollen gum tissue.
Prior to any treatment, however, it’s essential to identify the factors contributing to the bleeding gums – such as poor oral hygiene or badly fitting crowns – so that these can first be addressed and brought under control.
The main dental treatment for inflamed gums is scaling and curettage. Other options include surgical procedures such as gingivectomy, which involves removing some of the affected gum tissue, or flap surgery.