Research has also found a strong connection between gum disease and serious health risks such as heart disease, lung disease and diabetes. The World Health Organisation (WHO) says that periodontal disease is a widespread health problem estimated to affect up to half of the adult population. The disease destroys the healthy gum attachment to the roots of the teeth, leading to gum infection, gum recession, bone loss around the teeth and halitosis (bad breath). If untreated it will lead to tooth loosening, drifting and tooth loss.
There is no doubt that the best solution for bleeding gums is prevention, not cure. The progression of milder cases of gum disease can often be halted via careful home care and regular professional cleaning, but it’s difficult to cure more advanced forms. It is therefore essential to seek help promptly if you notice that your gums are bleeding, or any of the other symptoms like thick or swollen gum tissue.
Prior to any treatment, however, it’s essential to identify the factors contributing to the bleeding gums – such as poor oral hygiene or badly fitting crowns – so that these can first be addressed and brought under control.
The main dental treatment for inflamed gums is scaling and oral hygiene instruction. Other options include surgical procedures such as gingivectomy, which involves removing some of the affected gum tissue, or flap surgery.